Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

AI, Machine Learning, and Deep and Intelligent Medicine Simplified for Everyone

Academic Edition, Chapter 6 - References/Further Reading

General Edition, Chapter 5 - References/Further Reading


  1. Guidotti R, Monreale A, Pedreschi D. The AI black box explanation problem. ERCIM News. 2019 Jan 1;116:12-3.
  2. Angwin J, Larson J, Mattu S, Kirchner L. Machine bias risk assessments in criminal sentencing. ProPublica, May. 2016 May;23.
  3. Miotto R, Li L, Kidd BA, Dudley JT. Deep patient: an unsupervised representation to predict the future of patients from the electronic health records. Scientific reports. 2016 May 17;6(1):1-0. Wexler J, Pushkarna M, Bolukbasi T, Wattenberg M, Viégas F, Wilson J.
  4. The what-if tool: Interactive probing of machine learning models. IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics. 2019 Aug 20;26(1):56-65.