Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

AI, Machine Learning, and Deep and Intelligent Medicine Simplified for Everyone

Academic Edition, Chapter 22 - References/Further Reading


  1. Imran N, Jawaid M. Artificial intelligence in medical education: Are we ready for it?. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2020 Jun 13;36(5).
  2. Wartman SA, Combs CD. Medical education must move from the information age to the age of artificial intelligence. Academic Medicine. 2018 Aug 1;93(8):1107-9.
  3. Yang CC, Veltri P. Intelligent healthcare informatics in big data era. Artificial intelligence in medicine. 2015 Oct 1;65(2):75-7.
  4. Wartman SA, Combs CD. Reimagining medical education in the age of AI. AMA journal of ethics. 2019 Feb 1;21(2):146-52.
  5. Lillehaug SI, Lajoie SP. AI in medical education—another grand challenge for medical informatics. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine. 1998 Mar 1;12(3):197-225.
  6. Wartman SA. Medical Education Needs a Reboot !! There have been many , many , many , many , many , many , many , many , many “ Every decade brings calls for improvement in. East Virginia Med Sch. 2016;
  7. Paranjape K, Schinkel M, Panday RN, Car J, Nanayakkara P. Introducing artificial intelligence training in medical education. JMIR Medical Education. 2019;5(2):e16048.
  8. Densen P. Challenges and opportunities facing medical education. Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association. 2011;122:48.
  9. Masters K. Artificial intelligence in medical education. Medical Teacher. 2019 Sep 2;41(9):976-80.
  10. Hussain M, Zhu W, Zhang W, Abidi SM. Student engagement predictions in an e-learning system and their impact on student course assessment scores. Computational intelligence and neuroscience. 2018 Oct 2;2018.
  11. Caudell TP, Summers KL, Holten 4th J, Hakamata T, Mowafi M, Jacobs J, et al. Virtual patient simulator for distributed collaborative medical education. Anat Rec B New Anat [Internet]. 2003;270(1):23–9. Available from:
  12. Khin NN, Soe KM. University Chatbot using Artificial Intelligence Markup Language. In2020 IEEE Conference on Computer Applications (ICCA) 2020 Feb 27 (pp. 1-5). IEEE.
  13. Vaidyam AN, Wisniewski H, Halamka JD, Kashavan MS, Torous JB. Chatbots and conversational agents in mental health: a review of the psychiatric landscape. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 2019 Jul;64(7):456-64.
  14. Stravodimos K, Katafigiotis I, Pournaras C, Dimitroulis D, Kousournas G, Fragkiadis E, Constantinides C. Combined robot assisted right partial nephrectomy and cholecystectomy with single docking. Journal of robotic surgery. 2019 Feb 11;13(1):167-9.